Are there human sapiens in the vicinity of terminal hybrids

How the dog became man's best friend !!

Howthedogto thebest

friendofPeoplehas been

Thesis written by

Sabrina Kickinger

created in July 2019


Table of Contents

1 Introduction ................................................ .................................................. ................ 3

2 The wolf ............................................... .................................................. .................. 4

2.1 Wolf versus domestic dog .............................................. ......................................... 4

2.2 Similarities Wolfdog& Human ................................................ ........... 6

2.2.1 Social behavior .............................................. .............................................. 8th

3 development to thedog ............................................................................................ 9

3.1 Origin the Breeds ................................................. .................................... 12

3.2 Changes due to domesticationthein terms of visual expression ...... 16

3.3 Genetic influences on behavior ............................................ ............... 17

4 Why man and dog understand so well ............................................... .... 18

4.1 doge as substitute people ............................................... ................................ 19

4.2 The dog as a health maker ................................................ ........................... 20

5 The friendshank between People and dog ................................................... 21

5.1 The ambivalent attitude ofPeople compared to the dog ................. 23

6 doge in action ............................................... .................................................. ... 26

6.1 Rescue dogs ................................................ .................................................. 26th

6.2 Police dogs / service dogs .............................................. .................................. 28

6.3 Assistance dogs ................................................ ................................................. 30

6.4 Guard dogs ................................................ .................................................. ..... 31

6.5 Guard dogs ................................................ .......................................... 32

6.6 Shepherd dogs ................................................ .................................................. ...... 33

6.7 Hounds ................................................ .................................................. ....... 34

7 doge in onthecultures ................................................ ..................................... 36

7.1 doge in Australia ............................................... .......................................... 36

7.2 doge in Asia ............................................... .................................................. 37

7.3 doge in South America ............................................... ........................................ 38

7.4 doge in North America ............................................... ...................................... 39

7.5 doge in Africa ............................................... ................................................. 40

2


1 Introduction

The dog is considered today as "the Best" friendofPeople, however, they know

at least how this relationship developed and why thedog

"Chosen" has been. That thedog descended from the wolf, most take

People however, do not consider this parentage when dealing with theirs

dogen, which is why it lei these daysthe more and more serious problems arise!

In my work I will develop the wolf to thedog explain. also

I compare wolf dog and man, why can be understood why

thedog our best friendhas been.

In addition, I would like to point out different areas in which doge as

Workhorses are in action. Finally the position ofdogit on the

different continents briefly likethegiven.

3


2 the wolf

The wolf forms the genus Canis together with the coyotes and jackals. It will

suspects that this genus evolved from fox-like animals that lived approx.

Lived 3.5 million years ago. The first to know us today as wolf (Canis lupus)

Animals appeared in Eurasia about a million years ago. Until about 7000 years ago

shared the Gray wolf its habitat in North America with the Canis Dirus, which

however, it died out for reasons that are not yet clear. Ours developed from the wolf

today's best friend, thedog, this took place even before cattle breeding and the

Agriculture developed. 1

Figure 1: Canis Lupus.

https://www.natureplprints.com/p/729/g

rey-wolf-canis-lupus-forest-captiveusa-15318701.jpg.webp

(Accessed

on 08/28/2019

Figure 2: Canis Dirus.

http://animal.memozee.com/ArchOLD-

7 / 1188897503.jpg (Accessed on

28.08.2019)

2.1 Wolf versus domestic dog

Wolves can be referred to as social predators that come in packs

living together. With the exception the arctic wolves they are opposite to the

People shy and scared. The dog is descended from the wolf, but has in

its evolution and through human selection a genetic change

lived through. doge are therefore completely onthee demands or needs,

than their ancestors.

The wolf as the progenitor ofdogit differs essentially in the

function of Nervous system and in the Brain function, but also in many

1

See Wolf dog human

4


There are clear differences in gene sections. From this it can be concluded that the

doge-brain is not to be equated with the brain of Wolfes. Furthermore are

Differences in the digestive genes are evident or manifest themselves

due to the very different eating habits. Due to the

Settling down ofPeople had to thedog adjust in his diet and

is ofsemi-able to digest both grain and dairy products.

Yet it always turns out like thatthe to matings between wolves and dogen.

However, this usually only happens when the wolfish pack life is disturbed or the likethe the

structure the Wolf populations collapse. Domestic dogs actually count

definitely to the prey animals the Wolves, which is why if the population structure is not disturbed,

the Wolf dem dog is aggressive towards. The People opposite should

Wolf hybrids appear less shy and attacking. These hybrids

are wethe Wolf still dogwhich is why they are not at People should live however mostly

are also not able to live successfully in a pack. Due to the Mating

two genetically but relatively different animals occur in these mixtures

to a great variability in behavioral properties, as well as in

phenotypic appearance. 2

Figure 3: Wolf versus domestic dog.

https://images03.noen.at/wolf-1242285_1920.jpg/teaser-col-8-2019/102.470.133

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

2

See. dogepsychology

5


dogOverall, e are less shy than their wild ancestors. this could

on a guided selection for tameness, at the beginning the Domestication traced back

become. That the Man very likely preferred the quiet animals above all,

speaks in favor of thisthes well “tamed”.

The socialization ofdogit usually runs very quickly, easily and permanently

Wolf, on the other hand, is a lot more difficult or can usually only with

a reference person. One reason why the mating of dog and wolf

is to be omitted, the hybrids are predominantly territorial and foreign doge too

attack outside their territory. Besides, it's for the People extremely

Difficult to “read” a hybrid, most of them manage to do this with theirs dogen already

Not. For this reason it is actually relevant to animal welfare these two genera

to mate and want to keep the offspring as domestic dogs.

2.2 Similarities Wolfdog& Human

At first glance, one might assume that Wolf and dog

Have in common the Human would not necessarily fit into it. The

The greatest commonality is probably that all three belong to the mammals and ofhalf

relatively close to each otherthe are related. Due to ofcan sen the construction the organs

and especially theof Brain can be described as almost identical. This also confirms

why wolves and doge basically have similar social skills as the

Human. In addition, wolves and humans have very similar ways of hunting. So are

both specialized hunters, but they do not hunt. They both hunt with strategy and

in the Group, which increases their chances of survival enormously.

Compared to the Wolf, which one with People has social contact, it falls dogen

much easier eye contact to thePeople to seek and hold. The wolf, on the other hand

avoids eye contact, as it is a threat or a harbinger for him

an attack. Also can doge pointing gestures ofPeople follow this

does not fall under a specific adaptation, howeverthen under generalization of a

Behavior that comes from the wolf. Because in the wolf pack it can be observed that

the various pack membersthe at the muzzle and gaze directions the

Attheorient.

6


An adaptation to the People is also in behavior thedoge regarding the

To see hierarchy. doge have great respect for those of higher rank,

which is why they eat first and alone. In the case of the wolf, however, everyone eats

together and at the same time.

Figure 4: Wolves eating together.

https://www.noz-cdn.de/media/2017/09/22/ein-besuch-in-deutschlands-einzigemwolfcenter_201709221735_full_3.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

7


2.2.1 Social behavior

doge are special pets in terms of social behavior, as they are too tight

Social partners ofPeoplehas beenn. Some even prefer to be present of

People that of a conspecific. The dog is very receptive to ours

Body signals, which is why it is very easy for him to focus on the life of "his" People

adapt.

Wolves learn the basic rules of Living together in the so-called social game,

which is only carried out in a safe and relaxed environment. It comes off

different reasons why wolves cannot play social games,

the effects become noticeable through social underdevelopment.

Due to of The wolves learn to live in a pack as a puppy

Order of precedence.

Man forms a sontheform. Basically, all living beings are those of the species

the Primates count socially, the However, humans tend to be "exaggerated."

Sociality ". There are similarities in many basic social needs

People and canids. So educates the Human family groups, which with

Wolf packs can be compared.

Since, as already mentioned, the Wolf presumably because of his social behavior

People connected, there must be corresponding similarities with the

People give. An important similarity is hunting and cooperative

connectof Feed share what is survival the entire group.

Wolves have an extremely large variety in their facial expressions and

physical expression. With our domestic dogs, however, it is due to

their anatomical diversity and sometimes also limitations

increased misunderstandings dogen, especially among various

Races. 3

3

See expressive behavior in dog

8


3 development to thedog

The oldest bone finds from dogen come from Oberkassel, Israel and East Asia,

this suggests that the Domestic origin in Asia or similarthe Europe lies.

However, the scientists do not agree on whether it is a parallel domestication

different places worldwide etc.the has spread out of an area.

Due to the increased number of finds that can be traced back to prehistoric times

are assumed to be thedog was already a popular pet back then.

This also makes it obvious that the variability within the Kind of steadily rose.

The ancient Egyptians and Assyrians began doge to breed which the

corresponding requesttheungen of their environment and the Type of hunting matched.

Figure 5:doge representation in ancient Egypt.

https://www.selket.de/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/anubisschakal.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

Presumably served doge earlier as a source of food, but this should not be the

the decisive point was why the Man began doge to keep.

Rather, this can be traced back to the “common” social behavior. The exact

Reasons why the wolf to thePeople came or stayed with him, can

can only be established through hypotheses. According to presumptions, lived the Wolf does

always in the Proximity ofPeople, because he ofused their waste as a source of food. The

Human is likely due to several advantages, which the presence the Wolves with them

brought, tolerated the wolf more and more and ultimately wanted it. One

one of these advantages was its suitability for hunting. As the People realized that the

9


Wolf proved useful as a hunting companion, they began the most cooperative among them

to take with you on the hunt. It should soon have been found that before

especially those who have been with us from birth People lived as specialthes cooperative

turned out. Therefore, they began to deal intensively with the puppies.

This should the first major milestone in the Wolf-human relationships

be. Due to the intensive imprinting in the first few weeks must have succeeded

dog To bind permanently to oneself, that could only be successful if the

dog already dog was and no longer a wolf. Based on current research results

be confirmed that a wolf is far from being a dog is only because he is dated

People raised has been.

According to research results which are based on archaeological finds, the

first separation of wolf and dogegenom may have occurred 35,000 to 30,000 years ago.

The selection by the Peoplewhich here only on the tameness the Animals

was thought brought a variety of different genotypes with it. So

emerged small othe size doge, which with slack othe Ears and many

Further. So you can understand why it is dog today in such a way

can give in many ways. After some time of Coexistence which before

especially by hunting and guarding together the Settlements began

the Human to expand this cooperation. The doghas beento the Companions in war and

to the Guarding as well as guarding the Herds used.

Spread within a few 100-1000 years the east asian dog,

which can be regarded as the original dog, worldwide. However, this resulted to the

Disappear the originally wolf-like doge the Great Plains Indians, there the

"New" was something unknown and apparently had some advantages. From the

east asian dog village dogs and developed around the world doge from simple

Work strokes. This should therefore the Origin for further development the

various Hun known todaythebe ate.

Nowadays like always pops upthe the topic of Wolf-dog Hybrids on. Although the

Human contributed a huge part to that the wolf to thedoghas been,

there are now two huntheate which by crossing European

Wolves emerged. However, this has only happened in the last few decades. To the

count for both races the Saarlos and the Czechoslovakian Wolfhound. The

Wolfhound has been originally from the Czech military and the local police

10


bred for being robust, brave and sharp dog wanted to receive. There

they obviously do not deal with the subject of wolf enoughtheset, received

they take placeofsen sensitive and in the Keeping demanding animals, which one

wolf-like genotype. These are so-called hybrids that are dated

People created has beenn. But there are also hybrids that do not participate of

People have arisen. Examples of this are the American timber wolves and

partly Italian wolves, as these two genera are based on genetic analyzes

it could be determined that they had traces of mixing between dog and

Carrying a wolf within. 4th

Figure 7: Czechoslovak

Wolfhound.

https: // s3-eu-west-

1.amazonaws.com/images.dogspot.de

/ 7798a9299dbe1ed66b25764bcccb63d8

h5.jpg (Accessed 08/28/2019)

Figure 6: Saarlos

Wolfhound.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikip

edia / commons / 4 / 4f / Oishani_Othari

_van_Koekie% 27s_Ranch.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

In the USA there is a trend the so-called high-end hybrids

Timber wolves with low dogPartly produced in commercial breeding. The number

these high-end hybrids that are often found in households in the US

are increasing. Although there are no exact numbers how many thelike hybrids it

really there.

4

See Research Meets dog

11


3.1 Origin the Races

To a thekind of variety of different types to reach us today

are known, must the Humans have started to breed selectively. Researches too

As a result, this may only have taken place 3,000-4,000 years ago. An example for

a breed the howtheoccurs, is the Greyhound, which is already on

Representations of ancient Egypt and Asia can be found.

Figure 8: Greyhound.

https://www.zooroyal.de/magazin/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/greyhoundhuntheassen-760x560.jpg

(Accessed on August 29, 2019)

Based on genetic analyzes, it was found that the genetic pedigree

mostly with the classification thedogmatches more genuinely. Excepted

However, here are companion dogs such as pugs or similarthe Chihuahua, what a lot

have different genes. One reason for this could be that it theen breeder

that was what it was all about doge grow smaller and smaller ofhalf has beenn first of all the

Little ones, regardless of race, with one anotherthe mated. Basically you can

the individual races can sometimes only be differentiated by a gene. Exemplary

that's what the short legs are for of Dachshund othe Corgis which only have a gene

12


be evoked. Starting point for the creation the about 400 different

Breeds which of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale are recognized

about 150 years ago. Breeders began to close together and

to breed according to breed standards. Because of their origin, one can find the diverse

Roughly divide races into land races and cultivated races. With the land races it is

around doge, which have developed their characteristics through environmental influences.

Cultivated races, on the other hand, were created through pure human selection. The genetic

However, diversity is extraordinarily great in all breeds! 5

Figure 9: Dachshund.

https://www.deine-tierwelt.de/magazin/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2013/10/Dackel-

Photo-Liliya-Kulianionak-shutterstock.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

5

See Research Meets dog

13


According to the FCI mentioned above, the races are divided into the following 10 large groups

assigned:

• Herding & Cattle Dogs

• Pinschers, Schnauzers, Molossians, Swiss Mountain Dogs and the like

• Terriers

• Dachshunds

• Top & doge of the primordial type

• Hounds, bloodhounds

• Pointing dogs

• Retrieving, rummaging & water dogs

• Society dogs, companion dogs

• Greyhounds

Figure 10: Shepherd dog.

https://welpenerendunghundeerendung.de

/ wpcontent / uploads / 2018/07 / huetehun

d-education-800x558.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

Figure 11: Tip.

http://deutsche-spitze-liebhaber.de/assets/images/Mittelspitze-aus-Europa.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

14


However, this classification is genetically incomprehensible. Would, however, after

genetic togetherness, it would be divided into the following four

Give groups:

o Wolf-like doge: huskies, malamutes, lace, basenjs, greyhounds like

Afghans and Sloughies → genetically strongest with

but most closely related to the wolf within the group

differentiated

o Herding dogs: Ex .: Shelties

o Molossians → heard genetically the German shepherd too

o Remaining races → Different appearance that is genetic variability

however small

Figure 12: Afghan hounds.

https://vignette.wikia.nocookie.net/thecompletedog/i

mages / 7 / 7a / Afghan_hound.jpg / revision / latest? cb = 201

40317225342 (Accessed 08/28/2019

15


3.2 Changes due to domesticationtheung in the optical

Expressive behavior

A Glietheung the Domestic dog breeds in working and utility dogs, in hunting dogs

and in society dogs sounds quite logical for a rough orientation. In the

In recent decades, however, the boundaries between these groups have become more and more blurred

Most pedigree dogs no longer serve their original breeding goal, butthen

mostly as a status symbol or similarthe Assistance dog. This is also the Reason why it

always likethe behavioral problems occur, is a prime example of this the

boronthe Collie.

As a result, the original breeding goals are neglected, sonthen rather

only the exterior counts, certain characteristics could arise which through

health consequences are accompanied. An example of this is the short one

Pug nose etc.the in bulldogs. This one dogen often only help operationally

Interventions to enable them to lead a symptom-free life. Even if the

Breed standard prescribes certain dimensions and traits, one can never be sure

whether these are adhered to. The great variability leads to that doge

among each otherthe often no longer understand. This is what extreme drooping ears look like

signal depletion and usually only allow a few movements, which is a strong one

Restriction the Bringing communication skills. Another

Limitation is the inability to stand up hair or a permanent one

bristling “hairbrush” like the one in the Rhoofian Ridgeback. Lots doge

perceive the ruffled fur as a threat or aggression, although

thedog is actually by no means aggressive. Through the various

Restrictions, which are mostly breed-specific, can be understood why

often conspecifics with the of the same racetheen preferred

become.

Figure 13: French Bulldog

https: // mothen-dogs.de/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/die-Franzoesische-

Bulldog-678x381.jpg (Accessed 08/28/2019)

16


3.3 Genetic influences on behavior

Basically it must always be kept in mind that the demarcation of

Genetic and environmental influences are very difficult to separate.

However, there are proven behavioral effects that are inherited.

Often these effects are related to genes that are responsible for the external

Appearance are responsible. Since the gene that codes for the coat color,

at the same time also onethee function, there can be a relationship between

Coat color and behavior. Affects the gene for dark pigment

Binding sites of Adrenaline or noradrenaline metabolism.

Effects from this are that dark doge a more responsive immune system

and are mentally more stable than light-colored canids. At the gene for light yellow to

Reddish color, on the other hand, become binding sites in the brain and spinal cord for the

The stress hormone cortisol influences. This is how it comes about dogen these coat colors

often that they react more stress-prone, nervous and aggressive than yours

"Dark" conspecifics. 6th

Figure 14: Labrador.

https://www.check24.de/hundehaftpflicht/img/labrador_vier_farben.jpg?v=1908221245

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

6

See. dogepsychology

17


4 Why man and dog understand so well

Man is a nature loving being. Together with Wolf and dog let's share

our social tools of the brain and physiology. In addition, should the human

in the wolf respectively dog seeing what he is not himself. Namely are doge

as well as wolves very cooperative and not like the Always on the

own advantage. Also, as mentioned later, it affects the relationship too

Animals and nature affect life in the sense of happier and more balanced. The

Hybrid beings dog you can ofhalf as a little wolf but an astonishingly large number of people

describe.

For many evolutionary biologists, the answer to the question is “Why divides the human

its adaptability with the dog?" very easy. The dog Has

the People accompanied throughout its cultural history. He is considered to be the first animal

himself to the People connected. Everthe learned the benefits of Coexistence too

To make use of, it is believed that both the Human as well thedog

have developed similar flexible skills.

The dog had the last 15,000 years People to study why yourself

no ontheAnimal could adapt it to our communication signals as well as he could.

doge have the decisive advantage that they can smell like us right now

that's why we can't fool them. AttheIt's around for many

People hard to see how you feel dog feels othe what he would like. "The human being

(perceives) fewer signs in the interspecific communication circle than on him

be sent, and thedog (perceives) more characters than the Man to him

(consciously) sends. ”7 This quote from Michael Fleischer describes our dilemma very much

apt.

7

Research meets dog. P.134

Figure 15:dog and man

https://www.wuff.eu/wp/wp-

content / uploads / bestfriende_03_jul14ka-

4c.jpg (Accessed 08/28/2019)

18


dogAs is known, e have no understanding of the word, rather it is the Sound of ours

Voice and the situation that helps you to “understand” us. By adding that

our facial expressions, gestures and posture doga the Location our

Recognize sensitivities.

doge live in the Family like a pack of conspecifics. This leads to a

great familiarity between People and the four-legged friend, but also that

doge see in us something like conspecifics. However, you know the exact one

Difference between "real" conspecifics and that People. The dog with his

Inclination to sociability and its ability to bond with certain people, brings

thus the best Characteristics to accompany us. To deal with the People to

had to communicate without being able to speak thedog himself to the People

to adjust. There dogHe makes himself communicate e through facial expressions and body signals

to use this and "study" his People detailed. That's how it works dogen,

Words with specific requeststhenot be connected with a

Word understanding can be confused. 8th

4.1 doge as substitute people

Has been for a long time the positive effect, which one doge on People and especially

on Kinthe have explored. So it falls to mentally ill Kinthe easier with the help of a

dogto learn to act responsibly. In addition, you can doge

help to strengthen self-esteem and thus confidence in oneself.

The dog however, should not People replace, sonthen only support. A

dog is not human and should ofhalf like a dog are allowed to live. Lots doge

develop behavioral problems because they are considered kinthereplacement viewed and so

be treated. Often times they are pushed into this role because their owners are not

are aware that there is everything to themthee is considered pleasant, not appropriate to the species

dogto be able to live a life. It can be concluded that some adjustment

to eachthee kind in the Human-dog Relationship is hard to avoid. It

8

See. dog & Human

19


but care should be taken that it is in the event the Humanization is not part of it

comes that thedog the People to replace completely.

In a study that examines the quality and behavior of relationships between

People and dogs investigated, has beenn doge holder in three holder groups

divided up. Around 22 percent belong to the prestige-oriented,

humanizing doghold. These use the dog about their self-confidence

to build up and strengthen their personal reputation. On the dog fixed,

emotionally bound dogeholders make about 35 percent thedoge holder off. For

serves these people thedog as the best friendwhat goes through the full

Attention and affection towards the dog and step back out the

Public likethereflects. The last and at the same time the largest group form the

nature-loving, social dogehalter with 43 percent. 9

4.2 The dog as a health maker

In the last few decades has beenn increased studies carried out, which prove this to us

Pets and most of all doge keep you mentally and physically healthy. The daily

Movement on the Fresh air while walking together obviously increases

our wellbeing. Responsible for making us the Sight of one dogit

The hormone oxytocin makes you happy. This hormone will always then

poured out when something touches and gets us ofhalf as binding and

Called trust hormone. However, this hormone is not only used in 'People

poured out, sonthen also at dog a marked increase in the blood can be noted

become. 10

Figure 16: Walk.

https://deinetiere.com/wpcontent/uploads/2018/03/spaziergang-mithund.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

9

See Research Meets dog P.210,211

10

See Research Meets dog P.202

20


5 The friendshank between People and dog

Everof Living being is on the Finding your niche, this one lies in the trap ofdogit

with us. It doesn't matter how the relationship between humans and dog is in the

Ideally, both benefit from living together. doge can be many different

Have influences on us, both positives and negatives. Researchers call that

dog as a social catalyst since it dogObviously, it is easier for you to keep a holder

Walk with strangers People to get in touch. From these

Park acquaintances often develop friendsocieties. Guesswork for

Episode serves thedog here as a so-called bridge to with oftalk to sen holder

get.

So that both the Human as well thedog are happy, it needs a positive one

Guided tour by the holder and the recognition ofdogit as a partner. The dog is

very lenient with him Peopleas he has many social faults respectively

forgiving social incompetence. Due to ofyou can sen dogeeducation also as

Team building because it should primarily be about a bond and

Relationship to one anotherthe to build up. It should be noted that there are clear limits

to point out there doge otherwise often react unsettled and try that yourself

To take control. In no case should this be aggressive or authoritarian

Acting confused, this could be the relationship to thedog negative

affect. 11

How simply it's a bond with you dog to build up is partly dependent on race,

there some huntheaces genetically bred for it has beenn with the People to

work. Therefore, they seek contact by themselves rather than races which to

Bred independence has beenn. Exemplary for this are the herding dogs in comparison

with guard dogs. Basically decide People often unconsciously for

Huntheate with which they have a certain similarity. Under the dogen

there is dominant and subdominant doge, this refers to the behavior below

Conspecifics. Dominants dogIt’s easier from People to learn and they are

in this also better than their subdominants. But this should not result in any

Case to be closed that doge are dominated by aggressive methods

11

See. dog & Human

21


have to. This leads to the fact that thedog works, but it becomes little

be independent.

The relationship between People and dog is very good with the Parents child-

Compare relationship. Lots doge are similarly caring sometimes so cooked

Treated more caringly like your own kinthe. However, this is true for one dog his whole

Lifelong, as this will never or should never become independent. At Kinthen

self-employment comes with a certain age when dog however it is

I want him to think about things that are useful to us but not of his own

Makes decisions. This leadership role becomes a whole doglife exercised, why

a dog never grows up. A fitof Quote: “Kinthe one educates to

Independence, doge, on the other hand, is what you want in the Maintain dependency. "12

Another reason why doge kinthen is more and more preferred is that

a harmonious partnership with dogen is easier because it is not like Kinthe in the

Question everything about puberty. Plus keep it doge their adaptability

whole life, with Homo sapiens, however, this ability only exists in the

Toddler age. That's why it's for dogIt is very easy to make bonds and this

often happens very quickly. One for us People useful gift, however, should also

It should be noted that because of this, many shelter dogs fall into depression.

It's less bad for them to live behind bars than they are People which they

see and which ones they bond with.

Behaviour ofdogit is can on a mirroring of Essence ofsen owner

to be led back. So it happens that aggressive doge mostly in young men

the lower class live who have this as a "weapon" However, there are individual ones

Personality and character traits dogen which to the Example that

Temperament and the approach to Challengestheconcerns.

12

dog& Mensch p.89

Figure 17: Rottweiler.

http://www.rottweilerares.at/images/rottweiler-original.jpg

(Accessed on 08/28/2019)

22


5.1 The ambivalent attitude ofPeople compared to the

dog

The relationship to dogen is emotionally as well as functional, with the former

mostly predominates. On the one side should thedog emotional and social gaps

close and open the Atthevery often things are asked of him, which for

its kind are atypical. An example of this would be to expect from a hunting dog

not to show the slightest hint of a hunting instinct.

Love to thedogas big as it may be, it not infrequently stops as soon as this one

makes a "mistake". Sometimes will thedog "abused" as an extension of the ego,

this often occurs in the dogesport before where thedog representative of ofsen owner

should be successful. However, this is by no means to be misunderstood as for

lots dogesporter the