Homo Habilis were carnivores
The Homo habilis is an extinct species of the genus Homo. The word 'habilis' comes from Latin and means 'gifted' or 'skillful'. Homo habilis therefore means'gifted person'. This name was chosen because for the first time stone tools could be clearly associated with an early hominid species. According to previous knowledge, the H. habilis is the oldest hominid with the use of tools, but this does not mean that Homo rudolfensis or Australopithecine did not use tools. But this has not yet been reliably proven.
Homo habilis lived 2.1 to 1.5 million years ago (Pleistocene) in an area that stretched from East Africa down to South Africa. Finds in Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia and South Africa prove this. Like its close relatives, H. habilis is likely to have been adapted to ecological niches in wet savannahs and gallery forests.
The picture on the left shows an example of a worked stone tool with which Homo habilis presumably peeled the meat from the bones of its prey. Whether the H. habilis actively hunted or only used the remains of other carnivores is currently still open to scientific discussion. This type of primitive stone tools are known under the term 'Oldowan tools', as they were made as accompanying finds with the fossils from the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
With a size of approx. 1.0 - 1.2 m and a weight of only 25 - 35 kg, Homo habilis was significantly smaller than Homo rudolfensis, its supposed predecessor. Correspondingly, the brain volume of H. habilis with 600 - 700cm³ is also just below that of H. rudolfensis.
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