Are there academics in music

Music lexicon: what does Academic degrees in music?

Academic degrees or degrees in music exist only in England and there only at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge in two classes, the lower of the Baccalaureus and the higher of the Doctor [sic]. A real one Professor Musices but teaches at Oxford alone, at Cambridge and London (in the Collegio Greshamensi) only lecturers teach. The public chair of music in Oxford is almost ancient, as King Alfred installed Joannes Monachus as the first teacher of this faculty, which was merged with the philosophical faculty, when the university was founded in 886. Both degrees are in high esteem; their owners are adorned with silver chains and dresses of honor. In order to obtain the degree of a baccalaureus, the aspirant must have studied the art of music theoretically for seven years, practiced it, passed public tests of his artistry and presented certificates of his skills issued by authorities. Then he has to compose a polyphonic cantata with instrumental accompaniment and to perform it himself on a fixed day. After a further five years, the Baccalaureus can apply for a doctorate, supported by certificates of advanced proficiency. The title "Professor of Music", which occurs in almost all countries except England and is very common, is not an academic degree and only occasionally associated with a public teaching position. Like medals and decorations, it is bestowed by the sovereign or, like the title of "music director" elsewhere, usurped by the teachers of a music school. The doctorate, which many musicians use in Germany, is either a legal title actually acquired by the philosophical faculty or an honorary title awarded by the same. At individual universities in Germany there are special chairs for music with their own docents or lecturers, in Vienna, Berlin, Bonn, Göttingen etc. with an employed professor, but nowhere does this art, which has also become so important and influential as a science, have equality brought with the other sciences, and it is the task of our time to obtain equal appreciation and recognition. [Mendel Musical Lexicon 1870, 85f]