Cooking can be viewed as a visual art

Art academy

Speaker:
"art comes from ability ". Says a saying. And he is right. art is a term from Old High German. It is a word for a special skill or talent. A art to master means to be able to do something very well. But art is even more. For example, when craftsmanship and creative power come together. Then a Artwork. An artistic product. For example a painting. Who has great artistic talent and from the art wants to do a job, visits one Art academy.

Speaker:
academy
is derived from the Greek word "akademeia". What is meant is a site for the promotion of Arts and sciences. In this country one understands by academy a university that mainly teaches artistic subjects. At a Art academy - in contrast to the music academy - the Fine arts taught. So the arts that produce sculptures. For example painting or statues. Arnim Tölke teaches at the Art academy In Dusseldorf. He shows his students how to use the pencil.

Arnim Tölke:
"First of all, it's about the line. Most of them to paint yes here always with the brush, and as a prerequisite for 'n painter is also To draw incredibly important to deal with - the line or the volume of a figure. He also has that when he paints something else, when he paints high-rise buildings paint or the forest or landscape. And so it is very elementary to work on the line. "

Speaker:
To paint
from the old high German "malon" means "to design with a brush", "to paint with". To draw on the other hand comes from the old high German "zeihhanen", which means as much as: "to reproduce with lines". A drawing is thus a framework for a painting, that means every painter must also be able to draw. The artist only works with a pen - mostly pencil or charcoal - and the paper.

Arnim Tölke:
"There is Contrasts. You can with a border ... for example with a border on a white sheet of paper you can make the white that is next to the object darker than the white of the bordered inner field. That is then a contrastthat forms there. "

Speaker:
The contrast
is an essential element of the Fine arts. The word is derived from the Latin "contrastare". It means "to be in opposition to one another". In the painting one understands that there are strong differences between light and dark. By Contrasts an artist can do one drawing give the impression of space. Light areas optically step forward, dark areas step back. An important effect, for example, when depicting human bodies.

Speaker:
The drawing
a naked human body for study purposes is called act. The word is based on the Latin "actus" and means something like "representation". Nude drawing is an important subject for an art student. At the Life drawing an artist gets to know the proportions of the human body. At the Art academy the students study in Düsseldorf Life drawing with Arnim Tölke.

Speaker:
Art student Peter Schmitt is also an avid visitor of Arnim Tölkes nude drawing lessons. The 24-year-old is studying at the Art academy Dusseldorf. His artistic He discovered talent as a child.

Peter Schmitt:
"There comeon its ownIf you see, my God, it's fun, I like to do it. And then, I think, you need a little something from the outside in order to realize, my God, boy, that is quite useful what you are doing, so that you simply have the courage to continue there. "

Speaker:
Peter Schmitt is up on its own his talent came. Come up with something respectively come up with something means "discover something" or "recognize". Behind the printout is the picture of the treasure hunter. He digs in the earth until he reaches the treasure chest with the shovel.

Speaker:
The talent that Peter Schmitt discovered in himself that he came up with, is not in the painting. Peter Schmitt is sculptor. A sculptor is an artist who uses tools to cut a figure out of a hard material, for example stone or wood. The term has now been expanded. As sculptor First of all, one denotes all Artistwho create three-dimensional works.

Speaker:
An artwork
that is knocked out of a solid material a sculpture. From the Latin "sculpere" - "to carve". An artworkwhich is made up of a soft material, for example clay, and then hardened a plastic. Behind it is the French word "plastique" - "malleable". As plastic is also called Works of artcast or welded from metal. It is important for the students to try out as many techniques as possible. This is the only way they can discover their own strengths.

Hubertus Neuerburg:
"It is important that the young people who come from school and then apply here try different things. Not just try one direction, but also just sit down and have a can that is on the table, to paint or sometimes no perspective or times' n watercolor to paint. Because we want to see that there is a talent. And we want to promote this talent here. That is why we are here.

Speaker:
Hubertus Neuerburg is a professor at the Düsseldorf Art Academy. He advises his students to try out as many forms of representation as possible. For example Perspectives to to draw. This means depicting rooms on a picture or drawing in such a way that they appear three-dimensional. In addition, Professor Neuerburg recommends Watercolors to to paint. The word is derived from the Latin word for water: "aqua". A watercolor is an image made of watercolors. A particularly difficult technique. Watercolor paints are delicate and transparent. Wrong brushstrokes on one watercolor can no longer be corrected. Peter Schmitt tried out many artistic techniques.

Peter Schmitt:
"I also have canvases painted, I also did a lot with wood and welded steel together Sculptures. I also cast aluminum. And on top of this, on this technical one, Kinetic I've been coming for a year now and feel ‘ actually me there very good.

Speaker:
Peter Schmitt designed kinetic sculptures. That is, its objects move. He feels himself with his work very good. Feel right at home means to be completely satisfied. Poodles are small pedigree dogs with very curly fur and particularly lively behavior. As early as the 18th century, words appeared in German that use the syllable "pudel-" as reinforcement. For example, if someone is soaked to the skin, he is soaking wet.

Speaker:
Today Peter Schmitt feels on the Art academy So in Düsseldorf very good. Before he could start studying there, however, he first had to convince his parents of his career aspirations.

Peter Schmitt:
"Of course there was talk of, here, do architecture or something Decent. And then when I got the place in the academy I said, here, no, I'll try that and I'll do that and that's more important to me. And then of course there were discussions. But fighting a little for what you want in life is, I think, very healthy. "

Speaker:
Peter Schmitt's parents have something for their son Decent desired. What is meant is a so-called more decent Job. Decent is another term for "honorable", according to good custom. Many understand by one decent Profession an activity that is tied to a permanent job and that brings a steady income.

Speaker:
For Artist there are no secure jobs. They can only survive if their works are bought. And since there is no guarantee of this, they apply Arts often as breadlessbecause they don't make enough money to buy bread. The painter's career shows that there is another way academylecturers Arnim Tölke.

Arnim Tölke:
"I was lucky, what few have, that I am right away Gallery owner have found. And there gallery who has been working with me for over ten years now. And so I had it right away a very good start."

Speaker:
Arnim Tölke had a good start in his profession. "Entry" used to be the name of the door of a carriage, wagon or railroad car. Have a good start meant, for example, boarding a train without tripping or injuring yourself. Today, however, the term is used in a figurative sense. Have a good start means nothing else than being successful from the start.

Speaker:
Arnim Tölke owes his good start to someone gallery and its owner, the Gallery owner. The word gallery goes back to the Italian "galleria". It means "long, covered walkway". Today we mean by gallery an exhibition house for pictures. Private Galleries are also the place where artbuy lovers pictures. For one Artist so it is important a gallery to find who exhibits his works. This is the only way to find buyers.

Speaker:
Peter Schmitt has also had initial successes. He is currently exhibiting his latest work in a museum in Solingen. It is one kinetic sculpture. An artworkthat moves. In his case, it's a giant plant made of gears, cables, metal bars, and bicycle chains. Very slowly, plastic flowers open and close at the top.

Speaker:
An artwork
that is in a museum is viewed by many people. Peter Schmitts kinetic sculpture is big and noticeable. It almost attracts attention. Many young Artist dream of such an opportunity. But Peter Schmitt remains calm.

Speaker:
Peter's fellow student Katharina Wiczorek will be studying at the Art academy Conclude Düsseldorf soon. She spent twelve semesters there on hers artistic Skills worked. That is six years for the path from natural talent to trained artist. And besides practice, this also includes a lot of theory.

Katharina Wiczorek:
"Mainly it's about Studio studies. This is the focus here for the people who free art to study. What to do about this Academy letter - that's the degree - to get a certain number of certificates in art history, philosophy, art aesthetics. But that is actually limited. It's mostly about Studio studies."

Speaker:
The studio
is an artist's workshop. The term is derived from the old French "astelier", the word for wood shavings. The term alludes to the waste involved in the work of a wood sculptor. The studio study is that part of the training in which the students deal with their own art employ. With Katharina Wiczorek it is painting. There are also theoretical subjects such as art history or additional subjects such as Life drawing. Those who have successfully completed all the prescribed subjects register for the final examination. If the student passes, he gets that Academy letter. The designation is reminiscent of the highest qualification of a craftsman, the master craftsman's certificate. The Academy letter is, however, a university degree. It is comparable to a university diploma.

Speaker:
Katharina is preparing for a career as freelance artist in front. She will paint pictures and try to sell them. The opposite of one free artist would be an artist who works on certain projects or is even permanently employed. For example, a commercial artist or an industrial designer. Katharina Wiczorek and Peter Schmitt only have their own artistic ideas. And they have to be good.

Arnim Tölke:
"A good picture is like a mathematical formula or like a computer circuit where every element is imperative is necessary for the entire picture construction. And if you take one away, the picture has to collapse as well. So, every element has to be mandatory. Then the picture is also compelling and necessary and also good. "

Speaker:
The word "zwingen" comes from the old high German "twingan". It means "to tie up", "to press", "to compel". Mandatory is used as another expression for "inevitable", "absolutely necessary". Something, that imperative is necessary, must therefore be present under all circumstances. But even if a picture contains everything that is objectively absolutely necessary - in the end, everyone decides whether they like or not, according to their personal taste. Because art ultimately arises in the eye of the beholder.


Questions about the text:

An artist who creates three-dimensional work is a ...?

1. Painter
2. Sculptor
3. Draftsman

What is a gallery?
1. an artist's workshop
2. a place for the promotion of the arts and sciences
3. an exhibition house for works of art

A (three-dimensional) work of art that moves is ...?
1. a nude drawing
2. a kinetic sculpture
3. a watercolor


Work order:
If possible in a museum, look at different forms of modern art and use selected examples to discuss your ideas about art in the group.