What are lack of time and length
Lack of time: how to save time
It seems blatant everywhere Lack of time to rule. What I would do if I only had more time! This complaint is often postponed two or three reasons and everyone already knows how stressed you are and why certain things just don't work. In many cases, there is already the option of flexible working hours. But they don't necessarily make it better: Many people simply haven't learned to organize themselves in such a way that they manage their time sensibly. How you can even outwit the lack of time ...
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Lack of time: is that actually possible?
A lack of time - a synonym for a lack of time - has one main effect: more Acceleration and pace to the point of agitation. Work is under high pressure. What previously seemed impossible is now ended - and that is the big phenomenon:
We always need as long as we have time. This observation was named in 1955 by the British Cyril Northcote Parkinson as Parkinson's law.
The historian and sociologist observed that this expansion of work happens completely regardless of how complex it actually is. We just take the time. In part, this happens because tasks are not started but rather postponed.
And here is the more precise reason why the term “time management” suffers and why it is often criticized. Because it suggests that time can be managed.
However, time is time - it is measurable, for example on the change of the seasons or the position of the stars. But it doesn't get more or less. At some point people decided to divide the day into 24 hours and the minute into 60 seconds. No matter how fast someone works: it stays at that amount.
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Not enough time: just an excuse?
It is therefore more correct to speak of self-management, because it is you who determines how you are Schedule your time. For this reason, authors such as the psychologist and coach Roland Kopp-Wichmann also reject the term "factual constraint" and refer to Bertold Brecht:
Whoever says A doesn't have to say B. He can see that A was wrong.
But putting forward lack of time is, in a way, much more convenient. So we can see ourselves as victims of circumstances. Because of course we would change something, but unfortunately it doesn't work. Instead of to act responsibly and admitting to yourself that you don't feel like it, push forward some time constraints.
This applies to the homework that was not done (because the Playstation was closer). This applies to the skipped sports course (because the sofa exerted a magical attraction). And it applies to the canceled appointment (because others are more important to you). Of course there are circumstances that we do can not influence.
However, this includes non-everyday catastrophes and accidents, such as a pile-up, a plane crash, a hostage-taking and the like. Anyone who justifies a lack of time by saying that they have a family, both denies his influence when he almost equates their existence with the above-mentioned accidents that can be proven to be beyond influence.
What is the function of lack of time?
Reporting a lack of time is useful for two reasons: On the one hand, it's one excellent excuseNot having to do things. Such excuses can be observed in a wide variety of contexts, for example when it comes to not having to meet certain people or postponing appointments.
On the other hand, the stressed person can signal to the whole world: Look here! I am hardworking! I can hardly look out of my eyes with all the work! It is precisely this point of view that is part of ours Protestant work ethic owed, which holds services particularly high. According to the credo, only those who create are good people.
Due to a lack of time, which we are responsible for - for example through procrastination - we ourselves cause some of the stress that we then feel.
A first step to counter the lack of time would already be to admitwhat decisions are made and why. And to stand by the consequences. Illustrated using the examples above:
I didn't do the homework, so I get a lower grade. I've skipped the exercise class repeatedly, so I'm gaining weight. I canceled someone again, so that person is upset for the next time.
Because the moment I take responsibility for my actions, I open up new scope for further possibilities. I'm getting out of the victim role because I have a choice.
Methods against lack of time
To get from "because of a lack of time" to "because something else was more important to me", requires a process of reflection. It means that you are consciously dealing with your situation, but also your values, ideas and goals.
And instead of focusing on something negative - namely what not possible is - turn your gaze to the positive. What you have actively chosen. This view automatically exerts motivation and energy and makes you think in different categories.
Instead of louder Limitations and Problems to see, approach things in a solution-oriented manner. What you can do about it:
This change in thinking, which is necessary to put an end to the permanent lack of time, does not usually happen overnight. Beliefs from childhood are often too deep, which is why, in addition to self-reflection, demarcation plays a major role. This includes saying no more often. Nobody expects you to mutate into a selfish monster and use the elbow tactic from now on. But if you want to please everyone, you end up neglecting it. What often prevents us from doing this is a sense of guilt. The fear of being disliked by someone afterwards. And it's true, that can be a real danger. Then, however, the person probably didn't really value your friendship, but wanted to take advantage of you at the price of favors. Regardless of whether it is about relationships or work life: You can do without such friends and colleagues.
Another problem with a lack of time is often incorrect prioritization. We have a bunch of tasks and cannot assess: What is important, but has time? What is unimportant but urgent? And before we miss something, it's best to try to do everything at the same time - including the tasks that would still have time two weeks later. The result, of course, is stress. The problem is widespread and a number of methods deal with what a correct classification of tasks can look like. Among them in particular the Eisenhower principle.
The self-critical analysis of one's own work behavior and the environment also plays a major role. Do I have everything I need to be able to concentrate on my work? For example, many people need a quiet environment for this. Anyone who works in a hectic open-plan office and is automatically exposed to outside noise and interference may need special noise protection headphones to create a quiet working environment. Constantly reaching for the smartphone, sometimes surfing the social media, means an interruption in the workflow, which then leads to a significantly longer phase of returning to work. On average, it takes about 15 minutes to get back to where we were before the interruption.
In order to be able to correctly prioritize and process tasks, you must first get an overview. What is the matter, by when does it have to be done, who could take it over if necessary? Ultimately, delegating tasks can also be a way of saving time and thus preventing a lack of time. One method of optimizing one's own way of working is the Alpine method. The acronym ALPEN stands for:
- A.write down tasks
- L.estimate the length
- P.Plan in buffer time
- E.make decisions
- Ncheck the axle
Other pillars, such as the GTD principle, which stands for “Getting Things Done”, have a very similar approach: the tasks must be put in a meaningful order and entered in the calendar. Writing down is of central importance, because firstly, we clear our head, and secondly, we do not run the risk of forgetting anything. What takes less than two minutes is done immediately with this method.
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