Is it plagiarism to share interesting facts

What is plagiarism? Consequences, definition & avoidance

Plagiarism: Not a trivial offense

Plagiarism is an infringement of intellectual property. Those who plagiarize always pretend to have written a text or part of a text from another source. A copyright infringement with a plagiarism is no small matter, but belongs to the Types of plagiarism. If it is discovered, there is a risk of considerable consequences and damage, depending on the severity. Any form of plagiarism must be avoided in a bachelor thesis, term paper, master thesis or dissertation under all circumstances. This can be done through a thorough plagiarism check.

More and more common is a book or an article is also available in electronic form - often as text that can be marked and copied. As a result, plagiarizing has never been easier than it is today. At the same time, it has never been so easy to uncover attempted fraud through plagiarism using tools for searching through full texts and corresponding software.

Copyright infringements cause damage on several fronts at the same time. They not only deprive the author of his rightful naming as a source and thus of his deserved position as an authority in his field. In addition, they also deceive the reader, who considers the plagiarized content to be the fraudster's own contribution (Knoop, 2011, p. 5).

In addition, attempted fraud can damage the credibility of science and the academic system in general. Particularly high-profile scandals, such as the cases of prominent plagiarists in recent years, can lead to this (Rommel, 2011, p. 195). You can find more information on preventing plagiarism in our article on the subject Ghostwriting.

Quote vs. plagiarism

But not every case of plagiarism is fraudulent. Plagiarism can also arise unintentionally, which is mostly due to faultyscientific work happens. However, plagiarism also represents scientific misconduct (see § 8 on scientific misconduct in the Principles for ensuring good scientific practice at the University of Duisburg-Essen).

Every unintentional plagiarism is thus evaluated in the same way as an attempt at deception and can have the same consequences. Under these circumstances, many students wonder whether their academic work can stand up to an examination. Understanding plagiarism as a problem is the best way to avoid it.

A critical part of academic work is correct and directindirect quotations. Undermined here error, in the worst case scenario, it can lead to a plagiarism allegation. In addition to the correct source reference, it is important here to use quotations correctly. In the case of direct quotations, therefore, the quotation marks in the verbatim speech and the page number in the source reference are necessary. Also note a uniform formatting to adhere to, which supports the seriousness of your work.

Examples of quotation vs. plagiarism

The following example shows where the line between plagiarism and indirect quotation runs.

The content of the source text has been taken over literally and not given a source reference.

The verbatim text is in contrast to this in the quotation marks of the verbatim speech and the source reference is present. Here on plagiarism 2.

In this case, only a few words have been changed, but the sentence structure and wording of the original text are retained. It is therefore still a matter of adopting the wording and not a correct indirect quotation, as the necessary source reference is missing in addition to the wording in one's own words. This is how quickly plagiarism occurs.

Now the meaning of the sentence was given in other, own words. The source reference shows that the sentence is from another source. The correct citation thus allows the source to be checked and corresponds to the rules of scientific work. The conjunctive also makes it clear that the thoughts come from another source.

Types of plagiarism in the bachelor thesis and master thesis

However, plagiarism is not just defined by the wording. Another type of plagiarism is if you have one translation a foreign language source without marking it as such. This type of plagiarism can be found better and better with improved translation software. Thus, this type of plagiarism falls under the category Translation plagiarism.

In addition, the use of self-written content without appropriate labeling is considered plagiarism. For example, if you use parts from an older oneHouse work, you have to mark this accordingly and thus quasi quote yourself. The mere adoption of individual smaller parts of the text also fall under this Copy & paste plagiarism.

Another form of self-plagiarism is if, for example, one has written one that has already been submitted bachelor thesis as master thesis republished and issued as a new publication (see also the Statutory declaration). This is considered to be Full plagiarism. An orientation that is too close to the idea of ​​a work can quickly become a Plagiarism of ideas be interpreted.

In addition, the reference to own earlier work without naming the original source applies as Self-plagiarism. Finally, copying parts of the structure or the structure of a work is plagiarism, or more precisely, this comes to mind Structural plagiarism equal.

What kind of plagiarism it is - scientific deficiency or attempted deception - can often not be clearly distinguished in the work of students (Großmann, Halft, 2012, p. 76). This makes assessing the severity and deciding on the appropriate consequences difficult.

Plagiarism can also be checked years after it was submitted

With a classic plagiarism check, texts can be checked for plagiarism. This includes search functions for text documents as well as specially designed plagiarism software. The examination of scientific work with the means available for this purpose can reveal many plagiarisms (Rommel, 2011, pp. 199, 204).

The plagiarism check via Plagiarism software is now also used at universities. It is possible to prove plagiarism even years later. In order to find out about plagiarism, a complex, modern test procedure is not always required. In our big one Plagiarism software test you will find an overview of software and providers.

The supervisor of scientific work are experts and very familiar with the most important literature on their subject. The same applies to the tenor and writing style of subject-relevant authors, which in the form of plagiarism can quickly be ascribed to the original author and exposed as a deception.

The consequences of plagiarism depend on its scope and severity. A lot is possible about a grading that results in a failure, fines, de-registration and the subsequent revocation of the academic degree (see the handout of the Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelms University of Bonn). This not only harms the work and the clerk himself, but can also damage the reputation of the examiner, the chair and the department.

Plagiarism is an unmarked part of an academic paper that can be traced back to another author or another source. They should not be taken lightly, because they are by no means a trivial offense. Even if you work conscientiously, you should therefore always check or have it checked whether you have detached yourself far enough from the source texts to avoid suspicion of plagiarism in the first place. Every undergraduate and graduate student should also apply to Ghostwriting inform so as not to commit a huge mistake with far-reaching consequences.