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Application: false information, lies and the consequences

It happens more often than many think: More than one in three applicants does incorrect information in the curriculum vitae or in the cover letter. Most lie in the application for information about the previous job, experiences and successes. Others tweak the application for internships, language skills, educational qualifications or even diploma and job references. Huge mistake! If the dizziness is discovered, your career and job are at stake. Incorrect information in the application documents and dishonest résumé cosmetics can lead to termination without notice - even years after the probationary period ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Incorrect information in the application: where and why are people lying?

Investigations come to the conclusion that at approx 20 to 30 percent of the applications cheating and lying. At least one in five applications therefore contains incorrect information and statements that candidates have not been so strict about with the truth.

There are few limits to creativity and so is the case with numerous points cheated, lied and betrayed. Robert Half Personalberatung investigated the question of where in the application the most lies are found some time ago and asked around 1200 HR managers via an opinion research institute. Result:

  • 30 percent of applicants lie about things responsibility and previous tasks.
  • 22 percent exaggerate theirs Management skills.
  • 16 percent give better linguistic proficiency on than they own.
  • 10 percent screw the last one salary higher than it was.
  • 5 percent cheat on theirs Software knowledge.
  • 4 percent do with hers Level of education incorrect information.

But why do applicants even do this: Lies in the application? On the one hand: Because it helps! Especially in job interviews, candidates who specifically present a certain picture (even if this is not entirely true) can convince more often and get acceptance for the job.

So the answer is very simple and can be found in the word BeADVERTISING: Everyone tries to sell themselves as positively as possible. Because that increases the chances of getting the desired dream job.

But behind this there can also be fears and naivety:

  • Questionable Gaps in the résumé or even criminal records should be concealed.
  • Lack of qualifications should be glossed over.
  • Excessive training periods or bad grades should be concealed.
  • Wrong decisions when choosing an employer or even Terminations should be covered.

And of course, many believe a few Exaggerations and falsehoods will not be noticed - and exaggeration is not yet a lie ... Who checks what you really did in your old job? And soft skills are anyway A matter of interpretation! Besides, everyone, or at least many others, does it.

Think! A little coiffed, half fired. Even if it's still like that refined paraphrases of the truth remains that risk high to get caught. Experienced HR managers have a trained eye for false information and like to follow up in the interview.

And even those who master this hurdle run a high risk: Should the employee fall out of favor later and it will be after you Reason for termination wanted, this is the perfect one Pressure medium.

Lies in the application: consequences under labor law

Granted, there is one when cheating in the application Gray area with flowing transitions. Under the category "rather harmless"False information about ...

  • Alleged Hobbies.
  • Experience in the old job (not relevant professional experience!)
  • Foreign language skills (if this is based on overconfidence).
  • Qualificationsacquired through crash course seminars.

Especially with these Crash course certificates from private training institutes it may be doubted that they actually have mastered the skills certified there. Most of the time it is also about unprotected job titles and descriptions (such as Social media manager, trainer, coach) that anyone can lead.

However, experienced HR professionals can easily uncover such resume tricks, for example by ...

  • abnormalities At the latest, ask questions during the job interview.
  • according to stringent Explanations desire.
  • the information with public data in Internet compare.
  • at former employers to ask.
  • on her Gut feeling leave and sort out the candidate right away.

In particular titles and degrees (unknown) foreign educational institutions regularly arouse the suspicion that a resume is being coiffed or even edited PhD and professor titles bought has been. Such whitewashing immediately catches the eye, even for inexperienced personnel.

However, it becomes critical and also legally tricky when it comes to false information and tangible lies ...

  • Professional qualifications
  • Training degrees, bachelor's and master's degrees
  • References and grades (all kinds)
  • Previous Employers
  • Main areas of activity and (measurable) success in the old job

This is then already congestion, in individual cases even Forgery of documents. And for that, some overzealous applicants later collect the receipt.

Labor judges consider this to be no trivial offense, the Jurisprudence is quite clear:

Anyone who falsifies their application documents risks termination without notice. Employers can then contest the employment contract years later for fraudulent misrepresentation. Consequence: The employment contract is void, so the employment relationship ends immediately and the job is gone. Employers can sometimes even demand compensation for shame.

Forgery of documents can turn up to five years imprisonment or a juicy one Fine be punished. Just trying is one Offense.

There are several examples from labor law:

  • In order to get the job, an applicant fiddled with his documents forged diplomas - Finally, a university degree was required in the job advertisement. However, five years after being hired, the “fraudulent deception” was exposed. Consequence: Termination (AZ 9 Sa 400/05).
  • An industrial welder improved his Grades without further ado from “sufficient” to “satisfactory” and got the job. He did it satisfactorily for more than eight years, then the dizziness was exposed. Here, too, the judges knew no mercy: dismissal for fraudulent misrepresentation (AZ 5 Sa 25/06).
  • A lawyer, someone who should really know better, sneaked a job in an international law firm through professional imposture. He also had his Grades coiffed - from “sufficient” to “fully satisfactory”. After all, there was a gross annual salary of 100,000 euros. But then after months the employer became suspicious, asked the examination office about - dismissal. The lawyer even had to repay a salary of 75,000 euros (AZ 114 Ds-20 Js 1798 / 10-190 / 10).
  • A teacher had been with me for decades fake degrees and high school diploma taught - in four federal states. When the bluff was exposed in 2015, several federal states demanded the repayment of their civil servants' salaries - in the 6-digit amount. A court sentenced the teacher to two years probation.

Who is with Lies on the resume stealing the job by stealth risks a lot. In addition to termination, there is a risk of compensation claims and even imprisonment. There is a statute of limitations - but it only expires on the day on which the employer learns of the fraud and then lasts for another year.

False statements in the résumé, cover letters, generally in applications and job interviews are therefore ticking time bombs. The employer may not immediately use them against the employee. But if jobs have to be cut, they deliver one Steep template for a favorable finish: Termination without notice, no severance pay and a ruined reputation are the consequences.

Exceptions: When lies are allowed in the application

There are no rule without exception and so there are certain situations in which you are not obliged to tell the truth, even with lies in applications and job interviews. So there are some subject areas, which after the General Equal Treatment Act (AGG) are taboo for HR managers in most cases. For example, it is none of your potential employers' family planning, and a possible party affiliation is not relevant information either.

Further Examples are religious affiliation (if you are not applying to a church company), state of health and possible illnesses (if these do not stand in the way of performing the job) as well as numerous questions about private life, for example about the financial situation or criminal record. Criminal investigations are always uncomfortable. But what to doif the employer also inquires about it?

In fact, it happens in some application procedures that the applicant is asked whether an against him judicial criminal proceedings or a preliminary investigation the public prosecutor's office is pending or has been pending for the past three years. And now? Is it allowed to lie in that case?

Yes, says the Federal Labor Court (Az .: 6 AZR 339/11) - at least when the preliminary investigation completed at the time of the interview without a conviction.

A graduate engineer at least got away with it: As a career changer, he got hold of a teaching position at a secondary school. An anonymous one Notice of investigation however, he had previously been dismissed without notice on suspicion of child abuse.

But to Wrong. The investigations against him were closed, the suspicion had not been confirmed. That's why he doesn't have to keep mentioning it in the future. Otherwise, the Federal Labor Court sees this as a violation of the right to informational self-determination.

When can the employer terminate due to false information?

However, impostors have one more Lifebuoy: In the event of false information, the employer must prove that the employee in question only got the job because of the falsified qualifications. This must have been a mandatory requirement for the position.

If, for example, the job advertisement says that the applicant must have a university certificate or business fluent spoken and written English skills - and if he does not have this, he is Employment contract can be challenged. The same applies to relevant professional experience in certain industries or positions. But also in the concealment of facts that the employee should have disclosed (for example, a criminal record that is specifically related to the activity and position).

Only if the False pretenses played no role in hiring, the employee cannot be dismissed so quickly because of the deception. An extraordinary termination is then still possible - for example, because the relationship of trust was irreconcilably damaged by the lie. Either way, the probability is high that they will lose their job.

How to remove lies on your résumé - without getting fired

Better late repentance than never. Who actually made it with his pimped resume Getting a job and now living in constant fear of being exposed cannot undo the lie, but it can remove it afterwards. And in this way:

  • Go to your boss to apologize Yourself and tell the truth and nothing but the truth.
  • Correct Your résumé - including your online profile on Xing or LinkedIn. And never tell lies about yourself like that again.

Yes, it really is that simple. However, it also takes a lot of courage to wipe the ball clean. But it's definitely better than always feeling like you've cheated your way through life and your career, and moreover in constant fear to live, the lies might come to light. Better take it into your own hands.

On the job, you can clarify and clarify this with an understanding boss Gentlemen Agreement meet as well Silence preserve. After all, he should know your (hopefully) good performance by now and be able to assess whether the piece of paper with a stamp actually lowers your value for the company. In most cases it's just a piece of paper with a stamp on it.

This is what the room stands for Breach of trust. And you have to heal it again through 100 percent honesty and commitment.

Application lies online: Correct Xing and LinkedIn

If you are also in your Online profiles cheating about your competencies are possible Corrections a little more complicated. You did not specifically use false information and lies in your application to a company, but of course HR professionals also look at these profiles and get a wrong picture of you. So it is better if you refrain from lying here as well and correct false information.

A good time to make changes in the profile is the phase between two jobs, i.e. when you change jobs and shortly after you have finished your previous job. You are at a turning point full of change. Corrections, adjustments and changed entries are normal here, so you can delete incorrect information inconspicuously.

Also pay attention to the settings in your profile. If you remove false information from your profile, you don't necessarily want to draw attention to it. You should therefore switch off the notification function for your contacts at least temporarily. Otherwise, they will be informed about the changes - which should at least raise some questions.

Prominent example: SPD MP Petra Hinz admitted lies in her résumé

A particularly spectacular case of lies in the application came to light a few years ago: the SPD member of the Bundestag Petra Hinz, who in the past was chairman of the parliamentary audit committee and thus one of its controllers, had, contrary to her own statements, neither passed a high school diploma nor a law degree or state law exams.

Her lawyer confirmed this in a published letter. It also says: "In retrospect, Ms. Hinz is unable to see what reasons prompted her to lay the foundation for further inaccurate claims about her legal training and work with the false information about her school leaving certificate." She herself regrets this very much and wholeheartedly apologizes to all those who have traveled with her, colleagues, friends and family, to all the people who have trusted her, and also to the general public. The SPD MP then puts her Bundestag mandate low.

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