What are the mildest tasting vegetables

An overview of onion types: mild, sweet and hot types

Table of Contents

The onion is one of the most important vegetables for German cuisine. It is available in countless varieties. The differences lie in the color, the shape, shelf life and, above all, in the aroma and sharpness. New onion varieties have now been added to the tried and tested onion varieties. A list serves as a guide so that you can choose the right variety for you.

Onion varieties


The most common and best-known onion is the table onion, which is also known as kitchen and household onions. It is grown the most in Germany. All varieties are generally slightly to moderately hotter than red onions, for example. This is based on the essential oil "allicin", which is found in abundance in onions. This is also responsible if the eyes water while peeling and / or cutting. Kitchen onions can be recognized by their skin, which varies between yellow and brown. Usually it reaches a small to medium size. Different types are available.


  • flat, rounded shape
  • sweet taste
  • mild in taste
  • ideal for salads and grilling

Dorata Di Bologna

  • plump
  • durable
  • relatively new variety
  • subtle sharpness

Tamara F 1

  • new variety
  • lush size
  • very aromatic
  • mild spiciness

Texas Early

  • tall in stature
  • late ripening variety
  • lots of flavor
  • slight sharpness
  • little sweetness


  • Austrian variety
  • very flavorful with a medium degree of spiciness


  • round and solid-shell
  • smaller variety
  • long-lasting, noticeable sharpness

Stuttgart giants

  • large-growing onion variety
  • excellent shelf life
  • medium sharpness


  • round shape
  • from small to large in size
  • very good durability
  • good flavor
  • sharp in taste

Vegetable onion

Vegetable onions can be extremely heavy. They are mainly imported from Spain. Some English vegetable onions impress with their weight of up to 1.5 kilograms. The different types of onions can be recognized by their light brown to copper-colored skin and the white, juicy flesh. Compared to an onion, they have a more mild aroma and sweetness. It offers the following varieties.

Ailsa Craig

  • can weigh up to 700 grams
  • mild aroma
  • no sharpness


  • intense flavor aroma
  • very large
  • very mild in spiciness


  • Hungarian variety
  • sweet
  • low sharpness
  • mild aroma

The Kelsae Allium Cepa L.

  • extremely lush growth
  • suitable for storage
  • very mild aroma
  • particularly spicy

Red onions

Red onions are an indispensable part of salads, in particular. They impress with their subtle sharpness and a slightly sweet taste. Most of them come from Italy to the German market. But there are also some tasty varieties of onions grown here. The following are the main types of red onion.

Brunswick dark blood red

  • best known variety
  • medium-sized
  • solid consistency
  • flat-round shape
  • very mild heat

Di Genova

  • early variety
  • flat-rounded
  • delicate consistency
  • soft aroma and mild spiciness
  • low durability


  • Quality onion
  • flat, round shape
  • strong aroma
  • slight sharpness
  • short shelf life

Redspark F1

  • Hybrid breeding
  • round shape
  • strong aroma
  • slight sharpness

Rossa Lunga di Firenze

  • elongated shape
  • Sharpness depending on ripeness: young - mildly sharp, medium - moderate sharpness, ripe - sharp

Rossa di Toscana

  • most famous Italian variety
  • intense taste
  • good durability
  • subtly sharp
  • slightly sweet

Tropea Rossa Lunga

  • oval, elongated shape
  • delicate textu
  • mild taste
  • gentle sharpness


  • Eastern European variety
  • red-violet shell
  • medium hot
  • slightly sweet

Layer onions (Allium cepa var.proliferum)

The tiered or air onion is relatively unknown. Where exactly it comes from is unclear. It made its way to Germany via France. It is relatively small and has a reddish color. Unlike most other types of onions, they grow on the shoots. They are mainly found in gourmet kitchens because of their gentle aroma and spicy heat.

White onion varieties

White onion varieties are mainly used in southern Europe. It is less common in Germany. The different varieties have a fine, mild taste. The mild spiciness is more subtle than with yellow onion varieties. Some examples can be found in the following grades.

Albion F1

  • special breeding
  • round shape
  • solid structure
  • tastefully
  • delicate sharpness
  • good shelf life


  • early variety
  • mild-spicy and very sweet in taste
  • slight sharpness

Sweet Spanish Jumbo or White Utah Jumbo

  • stronger sweet taste
  • no sharpness worth mentioning

Tonda Musona

  • silvery white
  • spherical-round
  • slightly sweet with a subtle spiciness

Shallots (Allium cepa var.aggregatum)

Shallots are also called noble onions. They are an integral part of the upscale kitchen. They are characterized by their mild aroma. The very small shallots are usually less hot than the larger ones. They are mainly used as a spice.


  • reddish brown
  • very aromatic
  • less heat than the Elista variety


  • intense aroma
  • slightly sweet taste
  • mediocre heat


  • French variety
  • very mild in aroma
  • pleasant sharpness


  • delicate taste
  • intense onion aroma
  • slight sharpness
  • slight sweetness

spring onions

Although the spring or spring onion is reminiscent of leek in appearance, it is related to the table onion. Due to their delicate aroma and an almost imperceptible sharpness, they are often used in their raw state. Different types of spring onions are common in Germany, which hardly differ from one another in terms of aroma and degree of spiciness and sweetness, such as the ones listed below.

  • Allium fistulosum (Winter onion)
  • Blanca de Lisboa
  • De Vaugirard (hardy)
  • Freddy (Winter back onion (Allium fistulosum))
  • Negaro (classic spring onion)
  • Red toga (very tasty)

Silver onions

Silver onions are mostly known as flavor spices from canned cucumber, where they are pickled in a round shape. They can be recognized by their white, sometimes shimmering silver color. They are mainly imported fresh from Holland and Israel. There are some options for self-cultivation, but due to the lack of a protective layer, this is much more difficult than growing conventional onions. The following types of silver onions are most commonly used.

There Barletta

  • early variety
  • spicy taste
  • ideal for inserting
  • mild spiciness
  • moderate sweetness


  • small variety
  • very mild aroma
  • resembles the spring onion in terms of heat

La Reine "White Queen"

  • very tastefull
  • mild spicy aroma
  • little sharpness

Pearl onions

Pearl onions look similar to silver onions and are used in almost the same way. In contrast to these, they are more closely related to leeks instead of onions. Pearl onions are becoming increasingly rare because they are hardly ever grown. For this reason, these types of onions are increasingly being replaced by silver onions.