How was the Saudi Arabian monarchy founded

Saudi Arabia

In 1964 the then king abdicated and was succeeded by his brother Faisal, who carried out reforms in the country. But Saudi Arabia remained a monarchy. In 1973, King Faisal reduced oil production to force America to change its stance on Israel. Saudi Arabia has always had a negative attitude towards Israel and supported the Arab camp in the fight against the country with weapons and money.

Already during the 1960s, but also in the 1970s, there were repeated disputes with the border country Yemen, which were only ended in 1976 by a peace treaty.

The Gulf Wars

During the First Gulf War from 1980 to 1988, Saudi Arabia sided with Iraq as a bitter enemy of Iran. In the Second Gulf War, between 1990 and 1991, Saudi Arabia was an ally of the United States and allowed troops to rally on national territory for the invasion of Iraq. However, this led to bitter resistance from parts of the population and above all from the Islamists in the country.

They also carried out attacks on Western facilities. In the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York on September 11, 2001, 15 of the 19 attackers were originally from Saudi Arabia.

In the third Gulf War in 2003, US troops were no longer stationed on Saudi territory, but instead relocated to Qatar.