Are there Vietnamese characters

Interesting facts about the Vietnamese language

 
 
Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) belongs to the Austro-Asian language family and is assigned to the branch of the Mon-Khmer languages. The largest other Mon Khmer language is the Khmer spoken in Cambodia. There are also a number of other small languages ​​spoken in Burma, India, Laos and Malaysia.
 
The Vietnamese language is not related to Chinese, although about a third of the entire Vietnamese vocabulary consists of Chinese loanwords and the language has been put on paper with adapted Chinese characters for centuries.
 
Today, however, Vietnamese is written using the Latin alphabet, which has been expanded to include a few diacritical marks due to the special characteristics of the pronunciation. The writing of the Vietnamese language in Latin script was developed by European missionaries as early as the 17th century and especially promoted since the beginning of French colonial rule. But even after Vietnam became independent, the Latin alphabet was retained and is an official script.
 
Vietnamese - a tonal language
 
Vietnamese is a so-called tonal language, in which the meaning of a word depends crucially on the pitch and its pronunciation.
 
There are a total of six different tones, each represented with its own diacritical mark. Read some examples of this and see how the meaning of the word changes and what the characteristic feature of the respective pronunciation is:
  • ma (dt. spirit): medium, constant tone
  • mà (German but): falling tone
  • má (German mother): rising tone
  • mạ (dt. rice seedling): falling and breaking sound
  • mả (Eng. grave): Sound first falls and then rises again
  • mã (dt. horse): rising and breaking tone
 
The spread of the language
 
More than 75 million people speak Vietnamese as their first language. Most of them, almost 70 million, live in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. More than ten million people there speak Vietnamese as a second language, but also use other languages ​​such as Thai, Khmer, Chinese and indigenous languages ​​in everyday life.
 
As a result of the last two wars in what is now Vietnam, the Indochina War (1946-54) and the Vietnam War (1964-75), out of fear of political persecution, but also through exchanges with friendly socialist states, several million Vietnamese left the last decades the country and now live all over the world - mainly in North America, Australia and Western Europe. It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people of Vietnamese origin in the Federal Republic of Germany alone.