How bad does this poem sound

What is a poem

Read the following text through once. What is special about a poem?

Things talk

Georg Bydlinski

"I rhyme with confectioners",
says the old rattle alarm clock.
"I rhyme with nostrils",
says the left temple.
The freezer hums proudly:
"I rhyme with high heels."

And the grandfather clock says:
"Don't you notice it?"
We are a poem! "

from: Everywhere and next to you. Poems for children. Edited by Hans-Joachim Gelberg. Weinheim / Basel: Beltz & Gelberg 1986, 1989 ..

The special shape

The special thing about a poem is its shape.

You have probably heard of verses, stanzas and rhymes ...

You can find out what that is here!

Verses: lines of a poem

Typical of a poem is its special form, namely that it is divided into individual lines.

The lines of a poem have their own name, they are called Verses.

For example, the poem opposite consists of 9 lines. They say it has 9 verses.

He is it

Eduard Mörike

Spring lets its blue ribbon
Again fluttering through the air
Sweet, well-known fragrances
Forebodingly strip the land
Violets are already dreaming
Want to come soon
Listen, a faint harp sound from afar!
Spring, yes it's you!
I heard you!

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Stanzas: paragraphs of a poem

Many poems are also in paragraphs

These paragraphs are called Stanzas.
A stanza in turn consists of several Verse.

The example poem on the right is divided into three stanzas. Each of the three stanzas consists of five verses.

Painter spring

August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben

Spring is a painter
he paints everything
the mountains with the woods,
the valleys with the fields:
What he can paint!

My dear flowers too
he adorns with blaze of color:
How they shine so wonderfully!
Nobody can paint so beautifully
as beautiful as he does it.

Oh, I could paint like this
I'll paint him a bouquet
and speak in good spirits
for all love and good
so my thanks to him!

Rhymes: words that sound the same

One speaks of a rhyme when in two or more words the last stressed vowel sounds the same.




Try the following game: Search unusual rhyming pairs and write funny two- and four-line lines with a learning partner:
Autobus - hazelnut

A horse travels by bus
a pig eats a nut.

The rhyme scheme

Depending on how the rhyming words are arranged in a poem, there are different patterns of rhymes, too Rhyme schemes (Singular: Rhyme scheme) called.

To explore the rhyme scheme of a poem, add the rhymes at the end of a verse lowercase letters.

Verses that are rhyme, get it same letter.

Which rhyme scheme does the poem on the left have?
Read on!

Winters move in

Franz von Pocci

Now pull with all your might a
Mr. Winter on again. b
Gone are the glories of the corridors, a
The sun's shine pale. b

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Common rhyme schemes

  • Pair rhyme: it rhymes two consecutive dispatches according to the pattern aabb.
  • Cross rhyme: the first and third rhymes, as well as the second and fourth dispatches according to the pattern abab.
  • Hugging rhyme: the first and fourth rhymes as well as the second and third dispatches according to the pattern degrad.

Here are examples of the individual rhyme schemes:

The impure rhyme

Rhymes that sound exactly the same (e.g. to flylie)
are also called pureRhymes.

If rhyming words do not sound the same but only similar, one speaks of impureRhyme.


The stressed vowels i and ü only sound similar, so it is an impure rhyme.

with pleasurewarmth:
Because the consonants n and m sound roughly the same, this rhyme is impure.