What does DJ stand for in music?

DJ Dictionary: Explanation of the most important DJ terms

At the beginning of a DJ career, there are many questions of understanding. What is beatjuggling and what does RPM stand for? We explain these and many other terms to you in our DJ dictionary.

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DJ glossary

Anti-skating refers to a setting on the turntable. By turning the record, the tonearm is pulled to the center of the turntable (= skating.) The anti-skating setting counteracts this with mechanical devices. Rule of thumb for setting: The anti-skating force should correspond to the bearing weight of the tonearm.

Beat counter are mostly integrated in DJ mixers. They count the BPM (see below) and indicate their exact number in order to simplify the tuning of plate A to plate B or to adjust various effects of the beat speed.

Beatjuggling refers to the tuning of short sections of two or more records to a new rhythm. The technique is mainly used by hip hop DJs.

Beat matching refers to the exact matching of the speed of two or more records.

BPM stands for beats per minute and is a unit of measurement for the tempo of a track.

Cartridge is the name for 8-track cassettes that were popular in the 60s and 70s. In contrast to the later cassettes with two reels, the cartridge only has one tape reel.

Crossfader ("fader") is a controller on the DJ mixer with which you can put two channels at different volumes on the two speakers.

Faders are controls on the DJ mixer that can be used to adjust the sound from the front to the rear speakers.

Hamster switch refers to a function on the DJ mixer that can be used to reverse the configuration of the crossfader, i.e. H. the right turntable is next to the left and vice versa.

Impedance matching is the name for the adjustment of several electrical voltage fields. Djing is about adapting the tension of two separate audio devices to each other in order to achieve a harmonious interplay.

Kbps (Kilobit per second) indicates the speed of a data transmission.

Key lock (“Key lock”) is a function on the DJ mixer that locks the pitch while the tempo can be changed manually. Key-Lock prevents the tones from becoming lower as the tempo slows down and higher as the tempo increases. This prevents the typical “Mickey Mouse effect” when pitching (see below).

As Loop is called a tone loop. A delimited piece of music in a track is repeated indefinitely.

MCing refers to the activity of the MC (“Master of Ceremonies”). In the techno scene or at the poetry slam, MCs are the moderators of an event. In hip-hop, MC simply stands for the rappers in a group.

Midi stands for “Musical Instrument Digital Interface” and describes the standard for the exchange of information between several electronic instruments. A computer can send commands, e.g. B. to pitch, timbre and tempo, which can then be converted into sounds (audio files).

MIDI controller are devices with which the midi signals are passed from instrument to instrument.

On the fly under DJs refers to actions on the track during playback.

PA stands for “Public Address” and in sound engineering refers to a sound system that is used to distribute sound evenly over large areas. The PA system includes speakers and amplifiers. Often the mixer and effects devices are also included.

Pitch describes the change in the speed of a piece and the associated change in pitch. So two tracks can be mixed at different speeds. A separate increase in the tempo without affecting the pitch is possible using key lock (see above).

RPM (“Rounds per Minute”) indicates the number of revolutions of a turntable per minute.

A Sampler is an electronic instrument that can be used to record sounds and then play them back at a variable pitch.

Scratching is a technique in which the DJ creates new sounds by manually rotating a record while the needle is in place.

Slipmat refers to a slip mat made of felt or neoprene between the platter and platter, which enables scratching. The mat reduces the friction between the turntable and the platter and the DJ can more easily turn the platter by hand against the direction of rotation of the turntable.

A Strobe is a small lamp that lights up on a marked point on the turntable and thus enables the speed to be set precisely.

A Strobe is a flash device that is used at parties to create optical covers. In the dark, the movements on the dance floor look more choppy due to the flashes of light.

vinyl Colloquially stands for records, as these have been made from polyvinyl chloride since 1948.

X-Assign is a controller on DJ mixers with more than two channels. With this you can assign the two channels to the crossfader, between which it should crossfade.

Do you have more important DJ terms in stock? Then always give it a comment!

DJ product tips

DJ equipment insurance

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