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Average power consumption in Germany and Europe in numbers

The average electricity consumption per household in Germany

On the other hand, if you look at the average per capita electricity consumption across Germany, it becomes clear that the average is around 1,770 kWh.

Nevertheless, there are clear differences between the individual countries and their per capita consumption. According to a study from last year, the front runner with the lowest power consumption per capita is Thuringia with an average per capita consumption of around 1,424 kWh. In second place is Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with around 1,500 kilowatt hours, closely followed by Saxony-Anhalt with around 1,586 kilowatt hours per capita.

The Saarland has the worst balance in terms of the individual electricity consumers with an average per capita electricity consumption of approx. 2,090 kilowatt hours.

Average power consumption in a single family home

Household sizePower consumptionwith electr. Water heating
1 person2,000 kWh / year2,200 kWh / year
2 persons3,000 kWh / year3,400 kWh / year
3 persons4,000 kWh / year4,600 kWh / year
4 people4,900 kWh / year5,700 kWh / year
5 people5,900 kWh / year6,900 kWh / year

Average power consumption in an apartment building

Household sizePower consumptionwith electr. Water heating
1 person1,500 kWh / year1,800 kWh / year
2 persons2,500 kWh / year2,800 kWh / year
3 persons3,500 kWh / year3,900 kWh / year
4 people4,500 kWh / year5,000 kWh / year
5 people5,500 kWh / year6,300 kWh / year

Try to stay below average!

The dark line shows the average electricity consumption based on a survey by the Federal Statistical Office. Your electricity consumption should be in the green area if possible. This means that as a one-person household you should try to consume around 1,500 kWh of electricity per year or less. For a two-person household, 2,500 kWh and less are ideal, while for a six-person household less than 6,200 kilowatt hours are recommended to save.

How to determine your personal electricity consumption in the household

The quickest and probably easiest way to find out how much electricity is being used is to read the electricity meter.

There is an electricity meter in every household, which is either already installed or has to be installed by the property manager or the owner.

When you read your electricity meter, please make a note of your meter reading. It is advisable to read off your personal electricity consumption on a monthly basis so that you can determine the total at the end of a consumption year. This gives you an overview of how much electricity you are using in which months and you can easily check the end-of-year bill. You can of course also find out your real annual consumption on your electricity bill.

You will find this information at the top of your end-of-year statement, which you will receive annually from your electricity provider. Now determine your average electricity consumption by dividing your annual consumption by 12 months, since a full year serves as the basis for calculation.

Determine the consumption with an ammeter

You can also find out your own electricity consumption with the help of electricity meters available in electrical stores. These cost between 10 and 30 euros, depending on the manufacturer and make, and are equipped with a digital display that shows the electricity used by the connected device. The electricity meters are plugged into the socket and then connected to the electricity consumer.

Your average electricity consumption can also be determined based on the consumption values ​​of your electricity consumers, which are of course also roughly specified in the manufacturer's information. However, this method is cumbersome and rather impractical when it comes to saving electricity and requires that you make a note of the respective electricity consumption.

What do you do with your average power consumption once you know it?

You can find out whether your power consumption is above or below average. Now you should think about whether you know the reasons why your electricity consumption is above the German average and how you can save.

For example, did you have frequent visitors? Have you or a family member been sick or at home more often? Have you bought other electricity users, for example a dishwasher or washing machine? These factors can drive up your own electricity consumption. So before you try to adjust your power consumption, please consider briefly whether any changes have occurred.

Influences on average electricity consumption in households:

  • Acquisition of new electrical devices
  • move
  • Seasons and weather
  • Leisure behavior
  • Power guzzlers in stand-by mode
  • Increased use of additional rooms with electricity, such as garage, cellar

What is the average electricity consumption in Europe?

In Europe, the average electricity consumption is just over 4,000 kWh per household. In comparison, the German average electricity consumption per apartment is rather low at around 3,600 kWh.

In an intra-European comparison, the total electricity consumption of the countries is sometimes very different. In 2009, Germany had the highest total electricity consumption in Europe with 544,500 million kilowatt hours. The least electricity was used in Malta with 1,991 million kilowatt hours.

The world's total electricity consumption in 2008 was around 17,800,000 million kilowatt hours. In 2002 the value of the worldwide total electricity consumption was 14,280,000 million kWh, which corresponds to an increase of 3,520,000 million kilowatt hours.

Calculated period for average power consumption!

The calculation basis is one year. The main reason for this is the fluctuation in the monthly consumption values, which are mainly determined by the seasons. Consumption peaks are reached in summer and winter. This is mainly due to the fact that air conditioning and cooling devices are increasingly being used on warm summer days, while more light, heating energy or heating oil is required in winter.

Ten years ago peak loads were only reached on winter days, but now electricity consumers need almost as much on hot summer days with up to 570 megawatts, which corresponds to an increase in demand in summer of around 30 megawatts over a period of 10 years.

How high should my power consumption be?

With your personal power consumption, you should try to stay below average.

Average power consumption will tell you whether you are above or below average. Only when you know the average consumption is a comparison possible and you can analyze your consumption behavior and your electrical appliances in more detail.

Calculate your approximate power consumption!

Calculate electricity costs & consumption

When does it make sense to have the electricity consumption calculated?

The electrical household appliances have different consumption levels. Depending on how often a device is used and how long it is in continuous operation, the costs that the device causes fluctuate. The total electricity consumption of a household results from the individual consumption. To locate the energy guzzlers and to keep track of the resulting electricity costs, you should try our electricity calculator. This calculates the individual costs incurred.

You can calculate your household electricity consumption using the electricity consumption calculator. The electricity cost calculator shows you which electrical devices are responsible for the electricity costs and how much.

All you need is the electricity price per kilowatt hour and the basic fee of your current electricity supply contract. Enter both values ​​on the first page in the electricity consumption calculator.

Immediately afterwards, you can specify the periods of use of the individual electrical devices and the frequency of use. To make it easier for you to fill in, we have listed the various areas. If you do not have certain electrical devices or do not use them, you do not have to indicate anything there. Click on the equipment that you are actively using.

The choices are:

  • Refrigerators
  • dishwasher
  • Hifi - TV - PC
  • DHW heating (e.g. instantaneous water heater)
  • Electric stove
  • Others
  • Washing machine
  • kitchen
  • lighting
  • Clothes dryer
  • domestic appliances

As soon as you are done with the entry, for which you only have to plan a few minutes, you can calculate the power consumption for free and easily. The calculator calculates the costs for you on the basis of the work price you specified.

The list of results shows the individual costs as well as the total costs including the basic price for each device, so that you can see at any time which items are driving up the electricity costs.

Furthermore, there are some government websites on the Internet where you can have an energy saving check carried out. In this, even more data flow for the calculations, such as the heating costs calculated on your living space, costs for the use of heating pumps or for the preparation of hot water. There are many factors that can help reduce energy costs.

How do I get below the average power consumption?

You can reduce your own electricity consumption by replacing your power guzzlers with energy-saving models or by following the tips on saving electricity. By adapting your consumption behavior, you can reduce electricity consumption per capita as well as for your entire household.

For example, when buying a new one, make sure to choose energy-saving models that are labeled at least with energy-saving class A +. By replacing electrical devices with new ones with a better energy-saving class, there is some potential for savings.

The amount of use per capita is highest in a single household. The more other people live in the household, the lower the further per capita consumption, since, among other things, Consumers can be used together or the light is only switched on once.

In our electricity calculator you can see what savings are possible with your current electricity provider if you decide to switch to electricity.

Reduce CO2 emissions from electricity consumption

With green electricity you can set your CO2 footprint for your electricity consumption to 0. Heating costs can also be reduced by using heat pumps or photovoltaic systems.